Mughal History

The Mughal Empire was an Islamic imperial power that ruled the Indian subcontinent which began in 1526, invaded and ruled most of Hindustan (South Asia) by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the mid-19th century.

The rise of the Mughal Empire registers an greate changes in medieval indian history.Like ancient indian imperialists,Mughal did more than conquer and dominate. They set up an greate society that derived its strength from many sources and continue to expand its influence long after emperors were unable to compel submission.The secret of Mughal success was that each emperor have many armies under his own supreme authority.Mughal Commanders had to be individually strong, deceision maker, but they also had to remain loyal for empire to survive.

After the dazzling period of the Gupta Empire and the reign of the Sultanate of Delhi, India saw the emergence of the largest ever empire with the rise of the Mughal rule in the country. The term 'Mughal' is the Persian equivalent of the term 'Mongol". The founder of this new state in India was Zahir-Ud-din Muhammad Babur, a descendant of Jenghis Khan and Timur the Lame. Babur had been thrown out of Central Asia earlier by the Uzbeks, but he managed to gain control of Afghan territories and then set his eyes on India by conquering which he could become more powerful and richer.

In 1518 and 1524 he attacked India and in 1525 he led a well organized army to Delhi. In the battle of Panipat, in 1526, he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans.

The next year he defeated the Rajputs and then he succeeded in capturing most of the Ganges Valley. In the Mughal dynasty he founded, six emperors were famous – Babur (1526 –1530), Humayun (1530 – 1556), Akbar (1556 – 1605), Jehangir (1605 – 1627), Shah Jehan (1627 –1658), and Aurangazeb (1658 –1707). Of these, Akbar and Shah Jehan were two of the most important emperors in the history of India.

Who was the best among the Mughal rulers? Opinions differ. Akbar was an extra-ordinary ruler of universal acceptance. He removed the imposition of certain taxes like Jussiah on non-Muslims and canceled the prohibition on the Hindus to the construction of temples and pilgrimage to holy places. He kept the landlords of the Afghan-Turkish gang out of administration by canceling the extra powers being enjoyed by them . The establishment of the new religious order of Din Ilahi in 1580 was also aimed at keeping the Afghan-Turkish elements at their proper places. During Akbar's reign, the Mughal Empire was one of the richest empires in the whole world.Shah Jehan, himself a connoisseur of arts, used the fabulous riches he inherited from his grandfather's empire, creatively too. The black marble pavilion in the Shalimar Gardens of Srinagar, the white marble palace of Ajmer, the memorial he constructed for his father in Lahore, and the Shah Jehanabad town in modern Delhi, and to crown all these the very Taj Mahal on the bank of the river Jumna, one of the wonders of the world – all are reflections of Shah Jehan's creative instinct.

These two are most popular as compared to other mughal ruler in india..

Historical Date Of India
human in earth 250000 bc
Paleolithic Age 3 lakh to 8000bc
Mesolithic Age 8000-4000 bc
Neolithic Age 4000-1800 bc
Chalcolithic Age 1800-800 bc
Ramayan period 7292 bc
Mahabharat period 3139 bc
Harappa Period 3000-1500 bc
Vedic Period 1500-500 bc
Rig Vedic Period 1500-1000 bc
Pre Vedic Period 1000-600 bc
Mahajanpadas 700 - 300 bc
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