Ahmad Shah Bahadur 1748-54

1725 (1725)
1775 (1776)
Muhammad Shah
Muhammad Shah
Ahmed Shah Bahadur (1725–1775) was born to Mohammed Shah. He succeeded his father to the throne as the 15th Mughal Emperor in 1748 at the age of 23. His mother was Udhambai, (also known as Kudsiya Begum). When Ahmed Shah came to power the rule of the Mughal Empire was collapsing. During the reign of his father the city of Delhi (the Mughal capital) had been plundered and much of northern India had been ransacked by the invading army of Nadir Shah).Ahmed Shah inherited a much weakened Mughal state and after ruling unsuccessfully for 6 years, he was deposed by the Vizier Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung III in 1754 and later blinded along with his mother. He spent the remaining years of his life in prison and died of natural causes in January 1775. His son Bidar Bakhsh II temporarily rose to power in 1788 as puppet of Ghulam Qadir.
After the death of Muhammad Shah, his son Ahmad Shah ascended the throne on April 29, 1748. At the time of his accession, he was 23 years old and had no experience in the field of administration. Although Ahmad Shah was the hero of the battle of Sarhind, in which Ahmad Shah Abdali was defeated, he lacked qualities of leadership and was unable to manage the affairs of the state. As a result the administration fell into the hands of his Wazir, Safdar Jang. Safdar Jang was also unable to run the administration proficiently and spent most of his time in internal strife and self-aggrandizement. Safdar Jang later joined the Marhattas against Ahmad Shah in 1750.

Ahmad Shah's short reign was a period of great disturbance. The Rohillas rose in rebellion and Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded Punjab for the second time and marched towards Delhi. In order to avoid the destruction of Delhi, Ahmad Shah made peace with Ahmad Shah Abdali by ceding Punjab and Multan.


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