Dīn-i Ilāhī

The Dīn-i Ilāhī (دین الهی "Divine Faith"), was a syncretic religious doctrine propounded by the Mughal emperor Jalālu d-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar ("Akbar the Great"), who ruled the Indian subcontinent from 1556 to 1605.

From the discussions he led there in 1575, Akbar concluded that no single religion could claim the monopoly of truth. This inspired him to create the Dīn-i Ilāhī in 1581. Various Muslim clerics, among them the Qadi of Bengal and the seminal Sufi personality Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi, responded by declaring this to be blasphemy.

Akbar not only tolerated religions other than Islam, he encouraged interfaith discussion and debate. After listening to many religious scholars from the prominent religions of his empire (i.e., Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, and, to a lesser extent Jainism, Christianity and Judaism) he decided that no one faith was entirely and exclusively true; he developed a syncretic religion which he called Din-i Ilahi, "the Divine Faith" and encouraged his subjects to follow it. It combined elements primarily from Islam and Hinduism, but also from Zoroastrianism, Jainism and Christianity. While it never gained a real following, it promoted many universal values found in these religions, including compassion, piety, abstinence and prudence. It forbade celibacy and animal slaughter.
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Babur, a descendant of both Genghis Khan and Timur, becomes the ruler of Ferghana (Uzbekistan) .
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Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama reaches India .
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Guru Nanak founds the Sikh religion .
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Muhammad Shaybani defeats Babur at Samarkand .
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Babur captures Kabul
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Portugal lands in Ceylon
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Qutub Shahi dynasty seizes power in Hyderabad .
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Portuguese found Bom Bahia (Bombay/Mumbai) in territory held by the sultan of Gujarat
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Portugal conquers Diu and Goa in India.
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Vijayanagar kingdom reaches its zenith under Krishna Raja .
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Bahmani Sultanate splits into five Deccan sultanates .
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first battle panipat .
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