Battle of Ghaghra

Part of Mughal conquests
Date
May 6, 1529
Location
Ghaghara River, near Bihar side, India
Result
Decisive Mughal victory
Territorial changes
Bihar annexed by Mughal Empire including surrounding territories.
Peace settlement with the Kingdom of Bengal.
Belligerents
 Mughal Empire
Eastern Afghan Confederates
Kingdom of Bengal
Commanders
Babur
Humayun
Askari
Muhammad Zaman Mirza
Sultan Jalal ud-Din Sherki
Sultan Junaid Birlas
Ustad Ali Kuli
Musfata Rumi
Sultan Mahmud Lodi
Nusrat Shah
Sultan Jalal ud-Din Lohani
Sher Shah Suri
Bayezid
Baban
Fateh Khan Shirwani
Shah Muhammad Maaruf
Strength
>50,000
~100,000
100-150 Naval Vessels
Casualties and losses
Low
High
Ghagra Battle was fought between the Afgan king Mahmud Lodi and the Mughal emperor Babur. At that time Babur was trying to consolidate his dominion by encompassing all of North India. Lodi was supported by the Rajput kings of India and he raised serious threats to the Mughal. Mahmud Lodi had good relations with the kings of Bihar and Bengal where he had taken refuge once. In 1529, Babur fought a vigorous war with the Afgan force on the bank of river Ghagra in Bihar. Mahmud Lodi was defeated in the battle, and Babur extended his frontier from the Oxus River in the west to the Ghagra River in the east and from the Himalayas to Gwalior.
The Battle of Ghaghra, fought in 1529 and was the last major battle for the conquest of India by the Mughal Empire. It followed the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and the Battle of Khanwa in 1527. The forces of now Emperor Zahir ud-Din Muhammad Babur of the emerging Mughal Empire were joined by Indian allies in battle against the Eastern Afghan Confederates under Sultan Mahmud Lodi and Kingdom of Bengal under King Nusrat Shah. Sultan Mahmud Lodi, who aspired to the throne of Delhi and who had been declared the rightful heir to the Delhi Sultanate by the Western Afghan Confederates and aided by the Rajput Confederates, was put to flight after the defeat at the Battle of Khanwa in 1527. He took refuge in Gujarat. After trying to get in touch with his kinsmen in the east he managed to join them. He at the head of the Eastern Afghan Confederates took Bihar.
Historical Date Of India
Akbar moves the Mugul capital from Lahore back to Agra
1598 ad
British East India Company is established.
1600 ad
Mugul conquer the Decca sultanates
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Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Salim, who renames himself Jahangir
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Jahangir defeats a conspiracy by his son Khusrau .
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Jahangir marries queen Nur Jahan .
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Jahangir's son, prince Khurram, pacifies the southern states and receives the title of Shah Jahan .
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Jahangir's son, prince Khurram, conquers the fortress of Kangra, thus subjecting the Himalaya hills to Mogul control
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Safavids reconquer Kandahar .
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Jahangir dies
1627 ad
Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi is defeated and killed .
1630 ad
Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal dies giving birth to her 14th child
1631 ad
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