Muhammad Shah 1719-1748

Reign
1719 - 1748
Full name
Abu al-Fatah Roshan Akhtar Naseer-ud-din Muhammad Shah
Born
1702
Birthplace
Fatahpur
Died
1748
Place of death
Delhi
Buried
Delhi
Predecessor
Shah Jahan II
Successor
Ahmad Shah Bahadur
Wife
Badshah Begam Malika-uz-Zamani,
Udhambai
Offspring
Ahmad Shah Bahadur
Dynasty
Timurid
Father
Khujista Akhtar Jahan Shah
Mother
Qudsiya Begam
Muhammad Shah (محمد شاه) (1748 – 1702) also known as Roshan Akhtar was a Mughal emperor of India between 1719 and 1748.He was son of Khujista Akhtar Jahan Shah, the 4th son of Bahadur Shah I. Ascending the throne at the age of seventeen with the help of the Syed Brothers, he later got rid of them with the help of Nizam ul Mulk Chin Qilich Khan. He was nicknamed as Rangeela meaning merrymaker by many historians.

Reign

During his reign, the Mughal empire eventually broke up into a loosely-knit collection of several regional states, each with its own ruler, thus declining the authority of the emperor into a greater extent

In 1722, Muhammad Shah got rid of the Syed Brothers.The following year he lost Malwa to the Marathas. In 1725, the Marathas took Gujrat. In 1737, the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah had to fight the Marathas once again. He asked the Nizam-ul-Mulk to help him. Both forces fought the Marathas at Bhopal but were defeated. Under the terms of a treaty, Muhammad Shah gave the Marathas 5 million rupees and also ceded Malwa to them.

Aftermath.

After Nadir Shah's invasion, the Mughal Empire disintegrated rapidly. Nawab Ali Wardi Khan of Bengal proclaimed independence in 1740.In 1748, to the people's relief, the Mughal prince Ahmad Shah Bahadur defeated Ahmad Shah Abdali.

Muhammad Shah died in 1748 at the age of 46.

Historical Date Of India
bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu
500 ad
Huns led by Mihiragula conquer Punjab, Gujarat and Malwa from the Gupta
510 ad
the Gupta empire collapses under continuous barbaric invasions
528 ad
cave-temple of Elephanta Island (Bombay)
535 ad
the Chalukyan kingdom is established in central India with capital in Badami
550 ad
Badami shrines in Karnataka
578 ad
shakti cult (mother-goddess)
600 ad
the Pallava dynasty dominates southern India from Kanchi
600 ad
Harsha Vardhana, a Buddhist, builds the kingdom of Thanesar in north India and Nepal with capital at Kanauij in the Punjab
606 ad
Pulikesin extends the Chalukyan empire in central India
625 ad
the Chinese monk Xuanzang (Huang Tsang) travels to India
629 ad
Songzen Gampo introduces Buddhism to Bhutan
630 ad
Next History Date