Taj Mahal India

THE TAJ MAHAL : The Taj Mahal on a bend in the river Jamuna at Agra. It was dedicated to the emperor Shah Jahan’s well beloved consort the empress Arjund Banu Begam. Mumtaz Mahal-means ‘chosen of the palaces’. Taj Mahal - means ‘Crown of the palaces’. which has been abbreviated as the ’Taj’. Many schemes were prepared and finally decided and altered by Shah Jahan himself. Many master builders presented their designs, one being a Venetian jeweler and silversmith. The main inspiration deriver from Humayun’s tomb at Delhi and tomb of Khan Khanan-a noble man of Delhi. On the traditions of the Humayun’s tomb and with the experience of the tomb of Khan Khanan, Shah Jahan’s architects evolved this master piece of builder’s art.
•The main tomb building actually occupies only a portion relatively smaller than the whole architectural scheme.
•The plan of the whole concept takes the form of a rectangle.
•This rectangle measures 1900x1000’ and is aligned north-south.
•The central area is divided into a square garden of side 1000’.
•This division leaves an oblong space at each end of the rectangle
•The southern side is laid out with  roads and service dwellings.
•The northern side consists of a raised  terrace containing the white
     marble tomb building with two supplementary structures, all overlooking
     the Jamuna below.
•The entire garden is enclosed within a high wall boundary with octagonal
     pavilions at each corner.
•There is a monumental entrance  gateway in the centre of the southern
•This scheme extends even beyond with stables, out-houses and bazaars etc outside the premises.
•No subsequent amendments or after thoughts were made.
•All its parts were initially perfected with every need anticipated.
•The approach could be made equally well by roads or river.
•Landing stages with steps were provided on the north-west corner of the
•The structures on the terrace of the northern end consist of the tomb
     buildings at the centre and two detached subsidiary buildings one on
     each side.
•The one on the west is a mosque and the other one is only a replica
     without any purpose just for the sake of symmetry.
•The white marble tomb structure was meant to be the focal point of
     attraction in the entire scheme.
•The building height is 108’ with a great bulbous dome on top, and the
     total  height measures 187’.
•On each corner of this plinth a tall minaret was built in three stages to a
     height  of 137’
•The central dome extends and distributes the architectural effect. Its
     proportions also are as simple as its shape for example; the entire width
     is equal to the total height.
•The interior arrangements of compartments are like that of Humayun’s
     tomb at Delhi.
•The main hall is also of two stories of arcade  over which the inner shell
     of the double dome stands.
•The dispositions of rooms are very simple with similar rooms on the 
     upper storey.
•Perforated marble screens enclosing the cenotaph are of high quality
•The charm of the building is produced by the quality and texture of the
     material used- the white marble from Markrana.
•An underground cenotaph chamber was provided and the main level
     cenotaph chamber being a false one.
• The queen’s cenotaph in the centre and the emperor’s cenotaph on one
     side both enclosed with perforated marble screens.
Taj Mahal India