Taj Mahal India

In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire's period of greatest prosperity, was griefstricken when his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died during the birth of their fourteenth child, Gauhara Begum. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632, one year after her death. The court chronicles of Shah Jahan's grief illustrates the love story traditionally held as an inspiration for Taj Mahal. The principal mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later.
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan ruled from 1628 to 1658 and was married to Arjumand Bano Begum in 1612 A.D. He called his wife Mumtaz Mahal or Crown of the Palace, because she was so precious to shah jahan. Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan had 14 children and queen accompanied Shah Jahan everywhere, even on military campaigns. It was on one of these campaigns, in Burhanpur in central India, that Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631, shortly after giving birth to her 14th child. Her dying wish to Shah Jahan was that he should "build a tomb in her memory such as the world had never seen before." history of the Taj Mahal begins with Mumtaz Mahal's tragic end. Shah Jahan fulfilled her wish, creating the most beautiful mausoleum the world had ever seen. Shah Jahan was prisoned by his son Aurangzeb. He spent the last years of his life under house arrest in the Agra Fort. He used to spend his time looking across the Yamuna River at the beautiful tomb he had built for his beloved empress, waiting for the day they could be united and meet again to his love mumtaj. After Shah Jahan's death in 1666 A.D., he too was laid to rest beside his beloved Mumtaz Mahal. Their (shah jahan and mumtaj) real tombs are in a basement of the Taj Mahal.
Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia and over 1,200 elephants were used to transports building materials. white marble was brought from Rajasthan, jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China.turquoise was from Tibet and Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, while sapphire came from Sri Lanka and carnelian from Arabia. In all, twenty eight types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble. A labour force of twenty thousand workers was recruited across northern India. Sculptors from Bukhara, calligraphers from Syria and Persia.
Taj Mahal India